History of Modern and Contemporary Philosophy WT-DTE-HFN
1. Beginning of the Renaissance philosophy - humanism of the Academy of Florence.
2. Birth of new scientific methods - from magic to natural philosophy.
3. Fall of Aristotelian vision of the universe and its philosophical consequences.
4. Mechanical vision of the universe from Thomas Hobbes to La Metriee.
5. Doubtless knowledge at the times of religious wars - philosophy of Rene Descartes.
6. Christian philosophy of 17th century - Pascal and Malebranche.
7. Philosophical systems of 17th century - Spinoza and Leibniz.
8. English enlightenment - philosophy of human mind (Locke, Berkeley, Hume)
9. Encyclopedists and the philosophy of French enlightenment.
10. Critical philosophy of Immanuel Kant and its meaning to contemporary philosophy.
11. German philosophy from Johann Gottlieb Fichte to Artur Schopenhauer. Philosophy of history of Georg Friedrich Hegel.
12. Birth of the existential philosophy - Soren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche; and its development Martin Heidegger, Carl Jaspers, Jean Paul Sartre.
13. Phenomenological movement - Edmund Husserl and Max Sheller.
14. August Comte’s positivism and basic philosophical currents of 20th century.
15. Philosophy and Language - analytic philosophy and hermeneutics of Hans Georg Gadamer.
(in Polish) E-Learning
(in Polish) Grupa przedmiotów ogólnouczenianych
Learning outcome code/codes
Type of subject
KNOWLEDGE: Student knows teaching of the most important modern and contemporary philosophers. He knows and understands concepts which they are using, and can link them with proper philosopher, explain their meaning. Student knows basic terms in source languages (german, english, french). Student knows how the problematic of philosophical discourse in modern era have changed referring to medieval philosophy. He knows the development of XVII c. metaphysics and its critique in XVIII c. Knows the german idealism and basic modern currents: existentialism, phenomenology and hermeneutics.
ABILITIES: Student can distinguish the thought of given author from its development and later commentaries. Student understands the importance of proper interpretation of source texts, and the different methods and ways of commenting and interpreting them. Student can follow a development of philosophical problem in sequent authors; can name and show the opposite statements in main philosophical discussions.
participation in lecture: 30
obligatory literature: 30
preparation for exam: 30
Sum of hours: 90
Number of ECTS: [90:30 = 3]
1. Knowledge of the ancient and medieval philosophers.
- for 2 (ndst.) student do not know the teaching of modern and contemporary philosophers
- for 3 (dst.) student know the teaching of basic authors (Descartes, I. Kant, G. F. Hegel, E. Husserl).
- for 4 (db.) student know philosophical systems of philosophers; know their connection with one another.
- for 5 (bdb.) student know philosophical systems of philosophers; know their connection with one another. Knows basic therms in source languages. Student have knowledge of basic problems in given literature.
2. Ability to show the difference between opinions, ideas and interpretations. Can infer the conclusions from premises.
- for 2 (ndst.) Student has no ability to differ between opinions, ideas and interpretations, cannot make a proper reasoning.
- for 3 (dst.) Student can show the difference between opinions, ideas and interpretations.
- for 4 (db.) Student can show with certitude the difference between opinions, ideas and interpretations.
- for 5 (bdb.) Student can show with certitude the difference between opinions, ideas and interpretations. His reasoning is accurate.
Oral exam enclosing the topics presented during lectures and specified papers.
-F. Copleston, Historia filozofii, t. IV-XI, Warszawa 2005-2005.
-E. Gilson, T.Langan, A.A. Maurer, historia filozofii współczesnej, Warszawa 1979.
-E. Gilson, Jedność doświadczenia filozoficznego, tł. Z. Wrzeszcz, Warszawa 1968.
-B. Russell, Dzieje filozofii zachodu, tł. T. Baszniak A. Lipszyc M. Szubiałka, Warszawa 2000.
-E. Gilson, T. Langan, Modern philosophy. Descartes to Kant, New York 1963.
Information on level of this course, year of study and semester when the course unit is delivered, types and amount of class hours - can be found in course structure diagrams of apropriate study programmes. This course is related to the following study programmes:
- Theology, specialization: teaching - catechetical
- Theology - full-time master studies
- Theology, specialization: Biblical Lands tourism studies
Additional information (registration calendar, class conductors, localization and schedules of classes), might be available in the USOSweb system: