Physical anthropology WB-BI-24-20
1. What is Anthropology
Definitions of Anthropology and historical view; How Anthropology is understood in the World; Anthropology in Poland; Physical Anthropology and its division; Anthropological studies after the First World War, during and after the Second World War.
2. Research methods in Anthropology (1)
Anthropometry and anthropological instruments; Craniometry and cranioscopy, osteometry, cephalometry and cephaloscopy, somatometry and somatoscopy; Measurements and descriptive methods in osteology; Dating procedures of skeletal remains; Interpretation of fossils.
3. Research methods in Anthropology (2)
Methods applied in living populations; New linguistic, genetic and archeological methods in anthropology
Methods applied in human evolution: geology, paleontology, embryology, archaeology; History of Man and Primates; Morphological characteristics of Primates: locomotion categories, dental anatomy; Living Primates, distribution, common relations, reproduction, speciation, ethology, procultural behaviors.
5. Anthropogeny (1)
Origin and evolution of Homo; Causes of evolution: climatic changes and their consequences; The spread of early Man and the rise of Homo sapiens.
6. Anthropogeny (2)
Evolution of human erect body posture (bipedality); Covering the energy needs; Brain evolution; Early tool behaviors; Secondary tool processing; Biological and cultural evolution; Ethnogenesis; Sources of human variability.
7. Human population variability
Variation in human body build and Primates; Sexual dimorphism; Genetic determination of biological and psychological properties; Symmetry and asymmetry of body build; Body composition and posture; Postural faults in youths; Physiological and biochemical variation; Biological rhythms.
8. Ontogeny (1)
Rules in ontogeny development; Developmental mechanisms: growth, development, differentiation, maturation, catch-up phenomenon, neurohormonal feedback.
9. Ontogeny (2)
Developmental adjustments in ontogeny: existing now and expecting in the future; The evaluation of biological status – individuals and populations (biodemography); Changes in body proportions with age; Health, nutritional status; Measurements – norms – evaluation.
10. Species and population
Status and dynamic of human populations: structure, vital statistics (fertility and mortality), migrations; Biological status of a population; Population genetics; Natural selection, mutations, genetics of continuously distributed (quantitative) traits; Reproductive fitness.
11. Contemporary human differentiation (1)
Historical and current classification of humans: race, morphological group, ethnic group; Conceptions of inter-species variation; Race origin.
12. Contemporary human differentiation (2)
Geographic and population classification of human species; Ethnicity and race; Methods in population studies.
13. Ethnic structure in the World
Anthropological differentiation: Europe, North and South Americas, Asia, Africa, Australia and Oceania.
14. Human Ecology
Anthropology and Human Ecology; Culture as non-biological (extraorganic) form of adaptation; Material and non-material (spiritual) culture; Socio-cultural adaptations; Society and its economic development; Tradition and modernity in the way of environmental adaptation; Anthropocenosis and urbicenosis; Origin and evolution of human settlements; City – evolution and differentiation; Contemporary division of rural and urban settlements related to economics; Urbanization and industrialization.
15. Ergonomic anthropology
Status of working men interacting with techniques; The ergonomic dimensions of the body; Parameters of working places; Ergonomics and aging; Ergonomics for disable people.
Teaching methods: Lectures with PowerPoint presentations
Method of assessment: test based on the lectures
Credits in tutorials are precondition for final exam.
1. What is Anthropology
(in Polish) E-Learning
(in Polish) E-Learning
(in Polish) E-Learning z podziałem na grupy
(in Polish) Grupa przedmiotów ogólnouczenianych
Learning outcome code/codes
Type of subject
4 ECTS; 1 ECTS=30h;
Participation in lectures: 30h
Preparation for the exam: 30h
Participation in laboratories: 30h
Supplementing the exercise book and preparing for tests: 15h
Participation in consultations: 15h
total: 120h [120/30 = 4]
Objective effects in terms of knowledge:
Objective effect 1. The student understands and can stand the basic biological phenomena and processes in physical anthropology
Subject effect 2. The student explains the terminology in physical anthropology
Objective effect 3. The student learns the research methods and instruments used in physical anthropology
Subject effects in terms of skills:
Objective effect 4. The student uses the techniques and research instruments used in physical anthropology during classes
Subject effect 5. The student uses literature in physical anthropology, both in Polish and English
Subject effect 6. The student uses digital sources to acquire knowledge in a targeted manner
Subject effect 7. The student participates in the discussion using scientific terminology
Learning outcomes in terms of social competence:
Subject effect 8. The student knows how to work in a group, adapting to perform various roles
Subject effect 9. The student learns the matters related to the exercise of the profession
Subject effect 10. The student sees the need to improve their competences, both personal and professional
Subject learning outcomes assigned to lectures (1-3).
Subject learning outcomes attributed to exercises (4-10).
The final exam consists of a test exam (about 100 questions, there are 3 answers for each question and only one is correct) and open questions (from 3 to 5). The material provided during lectures applies. A student who has obtained a positive grade from passing the exercises can take the exam.
do 50% - 2
51-60 - 3
61-70 - 3,5
71-80 - 4
81-90 - 4,5
91-100% - 5
The final grade from the laboratories depends on the average obtained on the tests:
- Colloquium 1 - written. The test consists in describing anthropological points in the drawings.
- Colloquium 2 - practical. The colloquium consists in making anthropological measurements correctly.
- Colloquium 3 - practical. Colloquium consists in correct assessment of bone materials.
100-94% - 5
93-88% - 4.5
87-80 & - 4
79-70% - 3.5
69-60% - 3
59 and less - 2
The student is required to complete an exercise book during laboratories, and be able to search for and select appropriate sources (scientific articles and electronic sources, also in English). The student may have 1 unexcused absence.
for grade 2 (ndst.): the student does not understand or list the basic biological phenomena and processes in the field of physical anthropology, does not explain the terminology used in class, does not learn the methods and research instruments used in physical anthropology
for grade 3 (final): the student understands and lists basic biological phenomena and processes in the field of physical anthropology at the basic level, explains the terminology used in the classes at the basic level, learns at the basic level methods and research instruments used in physical anthropology
for grade 4 (good): the student understands and lists basic biological phenomena and processes in the field of physical anthropology at a good level, explains the terminology used in class at a good level, learns at a good level methods and research instruments used in physical anthropology
5 (very good): the student understands and lists basic biological phenomena and processes in the field of physical anthropology at a very good level, explains the terminology used in class at a very good level, learns at a very good level methods and research instruments used in physical anthropology
for grade 2 (ndst.): does not use research techniques and instruments used in physical anthropology, does not use literature in the field of physical anthropology, does not use digital sources, does not acquire knowledge alone, does not take part in discussions and / or does not use terminology scientific
for grade 3 (dst.): at a sufficient level uses techniques and research instruments used in physical anthropology, at a sufficient level uses literature in the field of physical anthropology, at a sufficient level uses digital sources and acquires basic knowledge independently, at the basic level participates in discussion, uses basic scientific terminology
for grade 4 (good): a student uses a good level of techniques and research instruments used in physical anthropology, uses a good level of literature in the field of physical anthropology, uses a good level of digital sources and acquires more advanced knowledge, takes good participate in the discussion, use the correct scientific terminology
5 (very good): a student at very good level, uses techniques and research instruments used in physical anthropology, at a very good level, uses literature in the field of physical anthropology, at a very good level, uses digital sources and acquires advanced knowledge on his own, on a good level participates in the discussion, uses advanced scientific terminology
on grade 2 (ndst.): the student is not able to work in a group and / or does not adapt to different roles in the group, the student is not familiar with the issues related to the exercise of the profession, the student does not see the need to improve competence
on grade 3 (dst.): a student on a basic level is able to work in a group and adapts to different roles in a group, a student on a basic level is familiarized with problems related to the profession, a student on a basic level sees the need to improve competences
4 (db): a good level student is able to work in a group and adapts well to different roles in a group, a good basic student is familiar with the issues related to the profession, a good basic student sees the need to improve competences, both personal as well as professional
5 (very good): the student is able to work well in a group and adapts very well to different roles in the group, the student is very familiar with the issues related to the exercise of the profession, the student can perfectly see the needs to improve competences, both personal and professional
1. Jurmain R., Kilgore L., Travathan W., Ciochon R L., 2013-14. Introduction to Physical Anthropology, 14th Edition. Cengage Learning, Boston;
2. Larsen C S, 2012. Essentials of Physical Anthropology, 2-nd edition. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., New York;
3. Lasker G.W., 1976. Physical Anthropology (second edition). Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York;
4. Malinowski A., Strzałko J (red.), 1985. Antropologia, PWN, Warszawa-Poznań;
5. Malinowski A., Wolański N., 1988. Metody Badań w Biologii Człowieka. Wybór Metod Antropologicznych. Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa;
6. Malinowski A., Bożiłow W., 1997, Podstawy antropometrii. Metody, techniki, normy, Wyd. Naukowe PWN, Warszawa-Łódź.
7. Moran E.F., 1982. Human Adaptability. An Introduction to Ecological Anthropology. Westview Press, Boulder;
8. Slice D.E., 2005. Modern Morphometrics in Physical Anthropology (Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects). Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York.
9. Grzelak J., Nieczuja-Dwojacka J., 2013, Metody badań w antropologii, skrypt dla studentów biologii, Wydawnictwo UKSW, Warszawa.
8. Ayala F.J., 2009. Dar Karola Darwina dla Nauki i Religii. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, Warszawa;
9. Futuyma D.J., 2008. Ewolucja. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, Warszawa;
10. Gibson G.A., 2010. Wszystko Przez Geny. Wydawnictwo Sonia Draga, Katowice;
11. Little P., 2005. Zapisane w Genach. Świat Książki, Warszawa.
Basic/ high school knowledge in Biology
Information on level of this course, year of study and semester when the course unit is delivered, types and amount of class hours - can be found in course structure diagrams of apropriate study programmes. This course is related to the following study programmes:
Additional information (registration calendar, class conductors, localization and schedules of classes), might be available in the USOSweb system: