1. Apparent motion of the sky, Earth’s rotation and orbital motion, the seasons.
2. Calendar. Angular co-ordinates in geography and in astronomy; declination and right ascension,
3. Sun-Earth-Moon system; orbits, distances, eclipses, tidal forces.
4. Past and present concepts on the Solar System structure. Stellar aberration, stellar parallax and the Doppler effect as final proofs of the heliocentric hypothesis.
5. Some aplications of Kepler's laws. Physics of space travel.
6. Earth as a planet.
7. Planets and their satellites.
8. Astronomical instruments.
9. Origin of the Solar System. Interplanetary medium, comets, extrasolar planets.
10. Sun as a star.
11. The Big Bang as an onset of the nucleosynthesis, the cosmic microwave background radiation.
12. The H-R diagram, stellar classification, stellar evolution.
13. Distances to stars, stellar masses and proper motions.
14. Interstellar gas and dust.
15. Extragalactic astronomy.
Midterm test (written, 40% of the final score)
Final exam (oral, 60% of the final score)
1. Astronomy as Natural Science
(in Polish) E-Learning
(in Polish) Grupa przedmiotów ogólnouczenianych
Learning outcome code/codes
Type of subject
L. Oster, Modern Astronomy, Holden-Day, San Francisco, 1973
Prerequisites: basics of physics
Information on level of this course, year of study and semester when the course unit is delivered, types and amount of class hours - can be found in course structure diagrams of apropriate study programmes. This course is related to the following study programmes:
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